The gender gap in European employment remains unchanged in the last years. Among the 20 most widespread jobs in the European Union (EU), which provide employment to 76% of the people, women were most strongly represented in sectors such as personal care (89%), cleaning (84%), administration (80%), medical staff (78%) and teachers (71%), shows Eurostat data for 2016
Men are more strongly represented in jobs like construction (97%), as well as drivers and operators (96%), metalworking (96%), scientific and technical specialties (83%) and scientific and engineering professions (74%).
Traditionally, there is a stronger presence of men in mining, manufacturing and transport. There are more women among traders, lawyers, as well as in the social and cultural spheres.
Bulgaria ranks first in the EU by the number of women in the IT sector. In the country, according to data presented yesterday, over one fifth of programmers are women, with an average of 16% in the EU. The gender pay gap for the same job between women and men is close to 14%.
The biggest gender pay gap is observed in Luxembourg and Italy, which score of about 10 points, in the research of Spotahome. They are followed by Romania (9.86), Belgium (9.53) and Poland (8.97). At the opposite end of the table, Estonia recorded the lowest gender pay gap score of 0, followed by the Czech Republic (2.06), Germany (2.29) and Austria (2.43).