Almost 6.5 million EU citizens are working in the field of culture, according to the latest statistics from Eurostat. The data are for 2015 and show that 3% of the workforce in the community is engaged in this field. About 2 million of them are artists or writers, of which 49% are self-employed. The percentage is much higher than other areas, as on average 15% of workers in the EU are entrepreneurs, adds statistical agency.
As employees working in the field of culture, Eurostat also includes architects, journalists, librarians and graphic designers.
Generally most employees working in this sector, as a percentage of the total workforce, is observed in Luxembourg (4.4%), Estonia and Sweden (both 4.1%). At the opposite pole is ranked Romania (1.2%), Slovakia (2%), Greece (2.1%) and Bulgaria (2.3%).
The data show generally small but steady growth in employment in the cultural sphere of the EU to about 7%, or 410,000 people during the period between 2011 and 2015. The average employed, as a percentage of total labor force, also increased from 2.8% to 2.9% in 2015.
In most countries of the community there is a job growth in culture sector. But there is a slight decline in the leading European economies – Germany and France. However, Germany is the country with most employed in the cultural sphere – 1.21 million people.
In Greece there is also a significant drop in employment in the sector to 75,000 people (in 2015) against 86,000 people (in 2011). However, this is related to the total loss of jobs in the country, as a percentage of the total workforce employed in the cultural sector remained 2.1%. Eurostat data also shows that 18% of employees in the field are young people aged between 15 and 29 years.