More than 85% of the current jobs will be automated by 2030, according to analysis of the co-founder of the Bulgarian Software Engineering University Svetlin Nakov. He talked at the opening of an international forum on the future of labor in Bulgaria, organized with the support of the European Commission.
“We do not need workers with elementary skills, they will be replaced by robots”, said Svetlin Nakov. He also predicts that in 20-30 years there will be no profession as a taxi driver, because cars will be autonomous. There will be restaurants without cooks and waiters. In the words of Nakov, people need to acquire more skills, better and completely different from the existing education that only reproduces. There will be jobs like robot trainer, people who train robots to become security specialists and others.
In the view of Svetlin Nakov, the labor in its classical forms will disappear. According to the expert, there will probably be no need for a ministry of labor, because jobs will only be for highly qualified workers, and people without jobs will be served by social systems. Probably there will be a ministry of talent and a ministry for skills development.
“That is how I see the future”, said the co-founder of the Bulgarian Software Engineering University. “The digital and language skills, such as literacy, they are not subject to discussion, they must be available”, added he.
Nakov believes that the model in which the government determines what education should stimulate new systems to embrace innovation. Another successful model is that education is run by private institutions and they have complete freedom to teach what and how to teach, and the state decides whether to certify certain skills.
“The education is the future of labor”, said Nakov.
The Mayor of Sofia, Yordanka Fandakova, also commented that education is most important for the future of labor. She cites data about Sofia’s development, according to which for the last 10 years Sofia is the European capital with the biggest GDP growth, as the city produces 40% of GDP in Bulgaria.
“The world of employment is being transformed”, said the EU Commissioner for Employment, Marianne Thyssen, in a video address to the international forum. She added that new forms of work are emerging and result in more flexibility, improved working conditions, but there will be new social and digital divide. According to Thyssen, people with medium-level jobs will be out of work. More flexible working conditions may also create uncertainty. The EU Commissioner noted that 90% of jobs require digital skills, but only four out of ten Europeans have similar skills.
Marianne Thyssen proposes a directive to make working conditions transparent and predictable. It is necessary to modernize social protection, as the systems are developed according to the standard employment model.
“Anyone who works, whether in standard or non-traditional employment, should have access to social protection”, said Marianne Thyssen. She urged all member states to implement the European Social Rights Pillar.
Eva Maydell, a member of the European Parliament, pointed out that 30% of the tasks in 70% of professions could be replaced by machines and every job would need digital skills. According to her, today’s 12-13-year-old children have no idea what they are going to do, but it is not a problem for the young person who does not know the future but the skills of their parents. Adapting to work in the 21st century is a bigger challenge for those who know their work in the 20th century.